Your liver turns ammonia into a chemical called urea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Response Hotline (1-888-246-2675), Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (1-888-422-8737), Regional Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222). This fact sheet is based on the most current information. Inhalation: Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Ammonia Spirit, Aromatic (Inhalation-Systemic) VA CLASSIFICATION Primary: RE900 Another commonly used name is smelling salts . What is Ammonia? Ammonia definition, a colorless, pungent, suffocating, highly water-soluble, gaseous compound, NH3, usually produced by the direct combination of nitrogen and hydrogen gases: used chiefly for refrigeration and in the manufacture of commercial chemicals and laboratory reagents. Ammonia is a by-product of both endogenous and exogenous protein catabolism. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. Division of Toxicology, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. {09} Note: For a listing of dosage forms and brand names by country availability, see Dosage Forms section(s). 7-15. It is found in many household and industrial-strength cleaning solutions. Ammonia gas can be dissolved in water. Medical Management Guidelines (MMGs) for Ammonia. Ammonia is not highly flammable, but containers of ammonia may explode when exposed to high heat. Ammonia contains about 18% hydrogen by weight, which gives it an advantage over fossil fuels as it releases no carbon dioxide when combusted in a thermal power plant. Ingestion: Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia from swallowing ammonia solution results in corrosive damage to the mouth, throat and stomach. Ammonium nitrate, a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. Laboratory testing for ammonia exposure will not be useful in making emergency treatment decisions. Urea is one of the waste products found in urine. Higher concentrations of ammonia may cause severe injury and burns. Since ammonia exists naturally and is also present in cleaning products, exposure may occur from these sources. Ammonia, is a common word that you often hear in classes or simply when you are shopping for household goods. This urea is then excreted via urine. Besides, this chemical element has some interesting properties as well as many popular uses which we will be looking at in this page. Ammonia is essential for many biological processes and serves as a precursor for amino acid and nucleotide synthesis. The alkali metals as well as the heavier alkaline-earth metals and even some inner transition metals dissolve in liquid ammonia, producing blue solutions. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), ammonia and ammonium salts are used in cleansing agents and as food additives, while ammonium chloride is used as a diuretic. In the environment, ammonia is part of the nitrogen cycle and is produced in soil from bacterial processes. Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant gas, for purification of water supplies, and in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides, dyes and other chemicals. 2004. This urea is then excreted via urine. However, because ammonia is normally found in the body, these test results cannot serve as biomarkers of exposure. Physical measurements, including electrical-conductivity studies, provide evidence that this blue colour and electrical current are due to the solvated electron. Division of Toxicology, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. High levels of ammonia can irritate and burn the skin, mouth, throat, lungs, and eyes. The liver is the organ, which normally transforms ammonia into urea. This product is excellent for cleaning all types of glass and restoring shine and transparency. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. Conquer Concrete Stains. † Not commercially available in Canada. The ammonia blood test is the gold standard for diagnosing urea cycle disorders. Reducing Ammonia Levels With Diet Add probiotics into your diet. Ammonia is a nutrient that contains nitrogen and hydrogen. Skin or eye contact: Exposure to low concentrations of ammonia in air or solution may produce rapid skin or eye irritation. Contact with liquefied ammonia can also cause frostbite injury. ToxFAQs for Ammonia. Ammonia, also known as NH3, is a waste product made by your body during the digestion of protein. Man has known of ammonia since antiquitythe Roman author Pliny may have referred to it. Ammonia is a colourless gas with a sharp, penetrating odour. In human health, ammonia and the ammonium ion are vital components of metabolic processes. Urea is passed through the body in urine. Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals and animal wastes. In quaternary ammonium ions, this area is occupied by a fourth substituent. Instead of overcrowding your shelves with specialized cleaners, one bottle of ammonia can be used to make solutions that are appropriate for all those tough jobs. It is designated in chemical notation as NH3. Window cleaners, floor polishing waxes, furniture polish, drain cleaners, toilet cleansers, bathroom cleaners, multi-surface cleaners, glass cleaners, oven cleansers and stainless-steel cleaners all contain ammonia. Ammonia is a chemical consisting of one atom of nitrogen and three atoms of hydrogen. Too much ammonia in your body can cause psychological problems like confusion, tiredness, and possibly coma or death. Very high levels of ammonia can damage the lungs or cause death. Ammonia is also found in many household and industrial cleaners. It’s a byproduct of the breakdown of protein and can be broken down further to ammonia in certain situations. Normally, ammonia is processed in the liver, where it is changed into another waste product called urea. Ammonia is a chemical compound that contains three hydrogen molecules and one nitrogen molecule, and, like hydrogen, it releases no carbon dioxide when burned in … In the environment, ammonia is part of the nitrogen cycle and is produced in soil from bacterial processes. ), http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/MHMI/mmg126.html, http://www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/ammonia/index.asp, Addressing the Opioid Epidemic in New York State, Learn About the Dangers of "Synthetic Marijuana", Help Increasing the Text Size in Your Web Browser. 2003. In the early 20th century, German chemists synthesized ammonia from nitrogen in the air and used it to make explosives. This chemical is water -soluble -- that means it dissolves in water. Ingestion of ammonia does not normally result in systemic poisoning. It is an excellent cleanser in liquid form and is found in many household cleaning products. Normally, ammonia is processed in the liver, where it is changed into another waste product called urea. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Public Health Service: Atlanta, GA. Accessed May 6, 2004. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts126.html, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Ammonia is known to behave as a weak base since it combines with many acids to form salts. Ingested ammonia is diluted with milk or water. As cell proteins break down, water is extracted, resulting in an inflammatory response that causes further damage. 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