The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Read to know more about the Revolt of 1857 in this article. But, the causes of the Revolt of 1857 remains the same. Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. As regards the RebeIlion of 1857, the fact is, that for a long period, many grievances had been rankling in the hearts of the people. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. 1. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The Revolt Of 1857. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. On the other hand, there are also scholars who view the Revolt of 1857 as Sepoy Mutiny. The British had drained India of all her wealth and natural resources by selfish economic policies. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. The causes include many factors such as Political, Economic, Social, Religious and Military causes. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. Unpopular revenue settlement Unrest spread among the landlords of Bengal when William Bentinck took away rent free estates from them. The Administrative and military causes of the great revolt of 1857 Administrative causes i) The British replaced the persian language by englilsh as court language ii) The judicial system was costly, mechanical and involved much time iii) The peasants had to pay heavy land taxes For UPSC 2021, follow BYJU'S Download Revolt of 1857 PDF. 4. 3. Administrative Causes of Revolt of 1857 The Indian sepoys were unhappy that the foreign service allowance (bhatta) which they were entitled to while serving in the Singh or Punjab was withdrawn. yet much less than a first war of Independence. It has been described as the “Mutiny of the Sepoys” a “religious war against the Christians”, a “war between the black and white races”, etc., but mostly these views have been rejected. In course of time, a vast store of explosive material had been collected. The major causes of 1857 Revolt can be studied under the following heads − Economic Cause. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. It was far more than a mutiny…. Further, they were also apprehensive about serving overseas since this meant a loss of their caste according to their beliefs. THE REVOLT OF 1857 ; Economic Causes ; Administrative Causes ; Military Causes; 25 ECONOMIC CAUSES. The revolt of 1857 began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as sepoy mutiny. [0.3] The Rebellion of 1857 did not originate from a single cause, but from a complication of causes. 27 CAUSES OF REVOLT Economic Causes. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. ….Stanley Wolpert . 26 ADMINISTRATIVE CAUSES. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. 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