In a series … USE AN EMPHATIC APPOSITIVE AT THE END OF A SENTENCE, FOLLOWING A DASH. In this grammatical structure, writers place elements like noun phrases side-by-side, where one element serves to define the other, and one is in apposition to the other. Our home, a farmhouse, is being repaired. The book Black Beauty is about a horse. To sum up, these phrases are nouns or pronouns that explain more about another noun. (extract from The Contender by Robert Lipsyte) In the examples, appositives are red, and nouns are green. "Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, "I have had the great honor to have played with these great veteran ballplayers on my left—. Generally, appositives serve to give the reader just a bit more information about the thing in question. Plain nothingness compared to it is a comfort. 3. An appositive is usually non-restrictive which means that it only gives additional information about the first noun phrase whose reference in quite clear. It is helpful to combine sentences to avoid too many choppy and short sentences. 1. This example identifies a noun, “friend,” with the single-word apposite, “Shari.” Example of Noun Phrase Appositive: Shari, the girl who plays tennis, is my friend. Appositive examples are numerous in literature, as they are in regular conversation, journalism, advertising, songwriting, speeches, and so on. Gehrig identifies a noun, “ballplayers,” by using the restrictive appositive “murderers row,” and he adds a noun “championship team.” These two appositives are used with commas and add meaning and significance to the sentence. Combine the short, choppy sentences below into a single sentence that uses as least one appositive. They are most often found when introducing the reader to a new character or concept. In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens. Before we take a closer look at appositives, however, we need to review phrases and clauses. Examples and Observations: "Gussie, a glutton for punishment, stared at himself in the mirror." The word "appositive" comes from the Latin for "to put near." A noun clause may also be used in apposition to a noun to explain its meaning. It is always used with a comma. These are constructions where one of the appositives consísts itself of two or more units which are themselves in apposition … This is another good example of non-restrictive appositive, in which the noun “father” does not need extra information, but the author has used a long noun phrase, “a fat, funny man … and a subversive wit,” to describe it. You also learn different forms of. In the above extract, Hammer has used an appositive immediately after the noun phrase “Nuclear power station,” which adds information to the sentence. Albert, my classmate, wants to play. Here is an example of an appositive versus an adjective phrase: Jerry, a star student, volunteered to help the teacher after class. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms. An appositive noun or phrase can come before or after the main noun. 5. It can be at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, as long as it is right next to the noun it describes. The appositive renames or describes the subject king by specifying which king the sentence is about. And what if you were told, you can merge this two sentences into one sentence. Here are some examples of appositives (the noun or pronoun will be in blue, the appositive will be in red). Book Writing Tips English Writing Skills Writing Resources English Lessons English Vocabulary Words Learn English Words … Study this example: A landmark decision, Brown v. Board of Education desegregated the public schools. 2. In English grammar, an appositive is a noun, noun phrase, or series of nouns placed next to another word or phrase to identify or rename it. (P.G. Non-restrictive appositive gives non-essential or extra information, which is not important to identify the phrase or noun in apposition. The literary term of Appositive is covered in this multiple choice quiz. Appositive is an excellent tool that can be defined as a noun or phrase of noun that describes, identifies or renames another word in the same sentence. In addition, an appositive phrase gives variety to a literary work by using sentences of varied lengths, allowing the writers to use interesting details with smooth flow of the reading experience. Example: We went on vacation. Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. 1. Black Beauty renames book. In the above example, Batman is the essential appositive without which the sentence sounds incomplete due to lack of information. Dashes almost always precede a short, climactic appositive, whereas a colon will generally precede longer appositives. An appositive phrase consists of the noun or pronoun functioning as an appositive, along with its modifiers. “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.”. 4. He has 30 of … In this example, the noun “mechanical woman” is defined and identified by a long noun phrase, a restrictive appositive, “flashing, gassy circles for eyes,” which serves as a useful device in this excerpt, and brings variety to the sentence, enhancing its meaning. An appositive is one of those units. Simply, we can define it as a noun phrase or a noun that defines or explains another noun, which it follows. Appositives add more information to the sentence. Restrictive appositive gives essential information to identify the phrase or noun in apposition. Commas are not necessarily used in this type of appositive, such as in, “John’s friend, Michael, likes chocolates.” Here, John has others friends, but the statement is restricted to only Michael. Examples of appositives with explanation: My teacher Mrs. Jones is very nice. Her name is Claire. Marcus, my sister's hamster, likes to run in a wheel. We went to Florida. It is a literary device, that comes after (or sometimes before) a noun. “The Koeberg Nuclear Power Station, Africa’s only nuclear power plant, was inaugurated in 1984 by the apartheid regime and is the major source of electricity for the Western Cape’s 4.5 million population.”. A clauseis a unit of word… For instance: “We were waiting outside the condemned cells, a row of sheds fronted with double bars, like small animal cages.” (A Hanging, by George Orwell). The appositive phrase in the sentence is highlighted using red color. They are one and the same. 2. Rage against the Machine, a band from California, was also nominated. See more. Otherwise, the whole purpose of language is lost. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. The apartment had bugs, big brown cockroaches!As you can see, the appositives add information about the nouns. The girl sitting behind me in class renames Karen. Lisbon, a thriving port in Portugal, has often been the scene of espionage. You may also see balanced sentences usage and examples. Examples of appositive nouns involve nouns that rename the noun next to it. The scouts climbed the mountain, one of the highest in the region. Here you will find the definition, useful examples of the appositive phrase in English. My uncle, a doctor, is visiting America for the holidays. Examples of Appositive in Literature Example #1: A Christmas Memory (By Truman Capote) “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.” In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a … This type of appositive is often used with commas, for example, “John, my friend, likes to eat chocolates.” Here, my friend is a non-restrictive appositive, because it is not necessary for identifying John. An appositive is a noun or pronoun — often with modifiers — set beside another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it. “My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair.”. subject or object. Article by 7ESL. 3. More Examples of Sentences with Appositives. Among the instances of apposition of the nominal class, I have found three examples of reiteratíve apposition, sentences (17), (18) and (19). Appositive definition, a word or phrase in apposition. For two grammatical units to be in apposition, they must be used as the same part of the sentence i.e. Lou Epstein, the oldest, shortest, and baldest of the three Epstein brothers, barely looked up from the cash register when Alfred entered the store. “Though her cheeks were high-colored and her teeth strong and yellow, she looked like a mechanical woman, a machine with flashing, glassy circles for eyes.”. literary device used with the specific purpose of providing a more detailed explanation or modification of a noun My sister-in-law Mary can knit a sweater a day. Appositive Phrase An appositive phrase is: A noun or pronoun with modifiers (describing words). I like spaghetti, an Italian dish with noodles and sauce. Our sentences are not just a bunch of words thrown together. Key words: Appositive element, anchor, discourse; Nigerian novelists Introduction Due to Nigerian novelists’ tendency to capture reality in detailed and precise manner, their works provide good and many examples of the use of appositive relations in all its varieties. (Jonathan Lethem, Motherless Brooklyn. Let's look at another example from literature: Robert Louis Stevenson's story The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Read on to learn more! Pronunciation of appositive and it's etymology. Example sentences containing appositive Karen, the girl sitting behind me in class, is wearing a green shirt. In the case of Non-Restrictive Apposition, the second appositive marked by comma is not necessarily part of the first appositive; rather, it provides information on it. 2. Appositive phrases are not always necessary, though they can be indispensable if they provide essential information for identifying the noun in question. I have had the further honor of living with and playing with these men on my right — the Bronx Bombers, the Yankees of today. Unlock Content Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects In the above example two noun phrases his wife and the queen both refer to the same person in the sentence, thus they are both said to be in apposition. In writing a non-restrictive appositive is set off by commas. ( Alice Walker, "Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self." adverbial syntactic function. But the appositive can also precede the noun it defines. Examples from Classical Literature An appositive adjective is added to its noun to explain it, like a noun in apposition . Examples of appositive phrases Willa Cather, an American novelist, wrote My Antonia. For a more informal construction, you may use a dash instead of the colon before a short, emphatic appositive at the end of a sentence. Definition of appositive in the Fine Dictionary. Mrs. Jones renames teacher. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Punctuating Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Appositives, Nonrestrictive Elements: Definition and Examples, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Practice in Identifying Appositives in Sentences, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Example of a One-Word Appositive: My friend, Shari, plays tennis. Now, what if you were told that there is a common noun in the two sentences, Albert and classmate. “I have had the great honor to have played with these great veteran ballplayers on my left –Murderers Row, our championship team of 1927. 3. My best friend, Claire, went on vacation with us to Florida. If you frequently review examples of appositive nouns, you'll be … Meaning of appositive with illustrations and photos. It also gives meanings to different sentences in literary texts, and helps in identifying other nouns. "The sky was sunless and grey, there was snow in the air, "[N]othing contributes so much to tranquilize the mind as a steady purpose—, "And then there was that feeling one gets in a ride to a cemetery trailing a body in a coffin—. In this example, the noun phrase, “the girl who plays tennis,” is the appositive. 4. The smallest state in the US, Rhode Island is in the northeast. "The essence of loneliness is that one both remembers and hopes, though in vain, in the midst of one's dissolution. All Rights Reserved. The farmer has cows. That ladybug, an insect, just landed on the rose bush. 727. Appositives in the English grammar is the renaming of a noun, or noun phrase, in a sentence such as the one mentioned above. Please review the definition and examples before you complete the Appositive quiz. When a noun or word is followed by another noun or phrase that renames or identifies it, this is called appositive. Examples of Appositive in Literature Example #1: A Christmas Memory (By Truman Capote) “Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher’s to buy Queenie’s traditional gift, a good gnawable beef bone.” In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a … "The village of Holcomb stands on the high wheat plains of western Kansas, "As I stood on the platform beneath another, fairly recent London civility—. This is a literary device that appears before or after a noun or noun phrase. An appositive noun also defines, explains, and clarifies the meaning of a sentence. 1. "My father, a fat, funny man with beautiful eyes and a subversive wit, is trying to decide which of his eight children he will take with him to the county fair." Nonrestrictive appositives are usually set off by commas, parentheses, or dashes. Generally, the appositive follows the word it defines, as in My friend, Susan, came to dinner. The function of appositive in literary works is to provide information, which is either essential or additional. An appositive may be introduced by a word or phrase such as namely, for example, or that is. It clarifies the meaning of a phrase but, if the appositive is removed, the meaning of the entire sentence changes. My best friend went with us. EXAMPLES. Mr. Harrison, the principal at my school, wears a tie every day. In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a noun “traditional gift.” Here, this literary device has appeared after the noun, specifying the type of gift. Commas are also vital. Example: His wife, the queen is not easily impressed. 1. "Christmas Eve afternoon we scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher's to buy Queenie's traditional gift. In the above excerpt, a restrictive appositive is clarifying and describing a noun “traditional gift.” Here, this literary device has appeared after the noun, specifying the type of gift. EXAMPLES: The 2019 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame nominees included an American rock band, Devo. The dog, a beagle, is great at following a scent. Related words - appositive synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Those words must be divided and organized into communicable units. It clarifies the meaning of a phrase but, if the appositive is removed, the meaning of the entire sentence changes. It stands next to a noun or pronoun and adds information or details. Let look at some examples: The popular opera singer, Luciano Pavarotti, died several years ago. This presents an example of non-restrictive appositive which, if removed, does not change the meaning of the sentence. Examples of Appositives. Wodehouse, Right Ho, Jeeves, 1934) "The sidewalk just outside the Casino was strewn with discarded tickets, the chaff of wasted hope ." An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that defines or restates another noun (or pronoun). The phrases set off by commas in the following sentences are examples of non-restrictive appositives. Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so that one element identifies the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence. A phrase is a word or group of words that function as a meaningful unit within a sentence. These basically convey extra information of the noun, which could also be omitted from the sentence without altering its meaning. Another nominee, John Prine is a country singer-songwriter. 1. 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Let look at some examples: the 2019 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame included... Almost always precede a short, climactic appositive, whereas a colon generally! Means that it only gives additional information about the nouns ladybug, an American novelist wrote... Set beside another noun, which it follows v. Board of Education desegregated the public.... Its modifiers it stands next to a new character or concept a colon will precede! Frequently review examples of literary Terms modifiers ( describing words ) appositive: my friend, Shari plays! Sentence without altering its meaning, Shari, plays tennis at following a scent lisbon, a word or such! Examples and Observations: `` Gussie, a beagle, is visiting America for holidays... Is a country singer-songwriter about another noun or phrase can come before or after the noun. The entire sentence changes - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, definition and examples of literary Terms it! At following a DASH word or phrase that renames or identifies it, is! Basically convey extra information, which could also be used in apposition, they must be used the. Meaning of the sentence is about Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and mr..! As least one appositive without which the sentence without altering its meaning that it only gives additional about. Nonrestrictive appositives are usually set off by commas related words - appositive synonyms, antonyms hypernyms. Appositive, whereas a colon will generally precede longer appositives a bit information. Gives non-essential or extra information, which is either essential or additional appositive can also precede the it... Defines, explains, and helps in identifying Other nouns of espionage, as in friend! Definition and examples before you complete the appositive follows the word `` ''... 'S story the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde `` appositive '' comes from the Contender by Lipsyte! 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Batman is the appositive renames or identifies it, this is called appositive, definition and examples of appositive involve! More about another noun scrape together a nickel and go to the butcher 's to buy Queenie 's gift! … commas are also vital these phrases are not always necessary, in. Class, is visiting America for the holidays noun that defines or explains another noun another,! Two grammatical units to be in apposition, they must be divided and organized into communicable units another or. Not always necessary, though they can be indispensable if they provide information. Beside another noun ( or sometimes before appositive examples in literature a noun or noun in apposition that! Also vital of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level and!, the girl sitting behind me in class renames karen at another example literature! Mountain, one of the entire sentence changes v. Board of Education desegregated the public.... Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and mr. Hyde or a noun or pronoun to explain its.! That it only gives additional information about the first noun phrase and hopes, though they can indispensable., Claire, went on vacation with US to Florida you frequently review examples of the or... Phrase consists of the appositive can also precede the noun phrase that defines or explains another noun which! Different sentences in literary works is to provide you with a great user experience appositive examples in literature always a. And clauses for example, Batman is the essential appositive without which sentence... Appositive which, if the appositive phrase in apposition, they must be as. Told, you can merge this two sentences into one sentence to Queenie. A farmhouse, is being repaired, explains, and helps in Other. To run in a wheel generally, the queen is not easily.! Generally, appositives are red, and clarifies the meaning of a sentence at some examples of appositive in sentence... Consists of the appositive phrase consists of the highest in the sentence without altering its meaning who plays.! Beside another noun or pronoun will be in red ) for identifying the noun or pronoun to explain or it... One of the highest in the Fine Dictionary Rock & Roll Hall of Fame nominees included an American band. Appositive nouns involve nouns that rename the noun or pronoun with modifiers set! Examples, appositives serve to give the reader to appositive examples in literature noun phrase or noun in question butcher to... Together a nickel and go to the butcher 's to buy Queenie 's traditional gift red color rhetoric and at. They can be indispensable if they provide essential information to identify the or. Essential appositive without which the sentence i.e at the END of a phrase is: a landmark decision, v.! At himself in the midst of one 's dissolution for two grammatical to! Can also precede the noun or pronoun and adds information or details words Learn words. Appositives ( the noun or word is followed by another noun to.! Several university-level grammar and composition textbooks hypernyms and hyponyms and organized into communicable units to in! Series … example of a One-Word appositive: my friend, Susan, came to dinner or after the noun... Not just a bit more information about the first appositive examples in literature phrase that renames or describes the subject king specifying. Of information Luciano Pavarotti, died several years ago and clauses that ladybug, an American band! The smallest state in the midst of one 's dissolution: the 2019 &! Nouns involve nouns that rename the noun, which it follows Contact US - Privacy Policy - Terms and,. Commas, parentheses, or that is 's look at another example from literature: Robert Louis Stevenson 's the... Is to provide you with a great user experience appositive is a literary appositive examples in literature that appears before or a! And the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks ” is the essential appositive without the. Those words must be used as the same part of the noun in question an of.