SHOTOKAN KATA. The illustrations show the initial movements of the Jion (Hanashiro) and the Jiin (Konishi). Editor's Note: This three part series examines the roots of Shotokan karate through Gichin Funakoshi's 15 original kata. 2 Kata + 3 Bunkai from each Kata SHISOCHIN, SHINPA, JION, NISEISHI Kumite – 2 bouts or lppon Kumite (at the discretion of grading officer) 4th dan. The comparison of this and other individual techniques shows us which process of change the kata and, in the broader sense, the entire martial arts have undergone in the last hundred years. He kept his students on the basic ones before they progressed to the more advanced forms. The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. For your consideration, Great article though I enjoyed it! The Pinan katas were developed by Anko Itosu in the early 1900s. Oktober 2018 In 1945, Toyama Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo. Jiin is 慈陰、 * Suparinpei : known as "108 hands," representing the 108 evil spirits of man. Kata are the formal exercises of traditional karate. This page provides videos and instructions for Shotokan Karate kata – Jitte. There are only three students who have taught all three kata: Hiramatsu Sensei, Ichikawa Sensei and Tsuchiya Sensei. It can also be plain. As we know Kata, meaning Form, or a series of movements, looks to the outsider as a “dance”, and history has recorded these “dance-like” forms in various cultures. However, this has no cutting edge and has only one pronged tine known as kagi. The distinctive yama uke are said to resemble the Japanese three-pronged jitte (like the Okinawan sai), which is one possible interpretation of the name. It is perhaps interesting that Higa Seitoku Sensei (Bugeikan) also had the Jion in his very extensive Kata curriculum. The kata listed above the red line are the 15 kata listed in Gichin Funakoshi's "Karate-do Kyohan" (not including Taikyoku). Jitte can sometimes have a hidden stiletto in the hilt. Konishi executes the movement as it is practiced today in most schools (Shito-ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc.). This Kata was introduced to Shorin Ryu by Master Shinpan Gusukuma (Shiroma). Chinto kata has a fascinating history and it is necessary to have some understanding of that history if we are to understand the kata itself. The man in the photo is not Itosu Sensei. Further information can be found in my unpublished book on Jitte, Jion and Jiin (2007) and in my book "The Kata of the Shudokan", planned for the year 2022. partially identical or similar techniques, the same initial syllable „Ji“ in the name. Unfortunately, it is not known how these kata found their way into the karate of Itosu Sensei. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan. 2. Funakoshi sensei tells us that the name implies that a person skilled in this form is as competent in fighting as ten men. When Meijin Funakoshi came to mainland Japan, he taught 16 kata: 5 Pinan, 3 Naihanchi, Kushanku Dai, Kushanku Sho, Seisan, Patsai, Wanshu, Chinte, Jitte and Jion. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. The History of the Heian Kata The Heian (Peaceful/Calm Mind) kata originated in Okinawa where they were known as the Pinan kata. Brief History. The creator of the kata was Sokon “Bushi” Matsumura (1809—1902) who played a huge role in the development of karate and who was also the … Did Itosu Sensei's teacher Matsumura Soken Sensei (1797-1889 or 1809-1901) already know these kata and was he responsible for their transmission? Allegedly, the origin of the kata lies in a Chinese Shaolin monastery called Jion-ji. It was taught as a part of the Tomari-te Okinawan karate style and has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques. * Jitte: another Tomari-te kata of the Jion kata group; the name means "10 hands." Further, On page 18 of his text (reprinted as "Tote Jitsu" in 1925) Funakoshi states, "It is confirmed through written documents and collections that .....(2) ASATO followed MATSUMURA and ITOSU followed GUSUKUMA, according to what has been told through generations." The primary function of this is to teach defense against enemies using weapons during fights or battle. I lied very much. Some theories on where Jitte got its name is the raised fist hand position used within the kata. Jitte is also often referred to as the mountain man kata, referencing the mountain blocks that are introduced in this kata. 2/1/2005: If the “target creature gets -1/-1 until end of turn” mode is chosen, the target creature must also be announced. Jitte jutsu is a technique used to ward off against an opponent using weapons. In the preceding paragraphs, we discussed some possible theories about the early history of this kata group, and we were able to see that many details can’t be clearly reconstructed today. This page provides videos and/or written instructions for the katas used in Shito-Ryu Karate (i.e. Higa Sensei could have learned the Kata Jion from Toyama Sensei, but also from Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei. The Shito Ryu and Itosu Kai sensei, Ryusho Sakagami (1915-1993) believed that the three 'J kata' were Itosu's reformulation of older Tomari kata, since lost. As a rule of thumb the better the designs are the higher the rank of the officer that uses it. It is important to know that Master Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan for about 20 years. On Okinawa the kata for the first time appear in the kata curriculum of Itosu Anko Sensei (1830 – 1915). The main element use is Gyaku-te waza grappling techniques. This can be as short as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in length. The last few paragraphs have shown that the kata group Jite, Jiin, Jion has also spread among the students of Toyama Sensei and that the Jion for many masters was a very important kata and that Jion is the most widespread kata of the kata group. He actually taught at least 40 kata, these were later included in the limited but monumental work by Shigeru Egami "Karate … Roots Of Shotokan: Funakoshi's Original 15 Kata Part 3 - Seisan, Wanshu, Chinto, Jitte & Jion Kata. If it is plain this means the owner is a low ranking officer. It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. At least Jion could be a kata Matsumura Sensei was familiar with. Due to the critical attitude towards Itosu Sensei’s karate, it is quite conceivable that they didn’t want to learn any “new” kata from Itosu Sensei and that both learned Jion from Matsumura Sensei. The following chart is intended to summarize the previously discussed: Hanashiro Chomo and Gichin Funakoshi perform the same technique of Jion. Today I would like to share some thoughts on the historical development of these three kata. The reason for this is that it was observed that the style use can be found in karate with some grappling techniques thrown in. You're right. Juli 2018 Tomari te. Some believes this Kata was originated in Shaolin Temple in Honan, China. I do not believe it is possible to reconstruct the history of where the kata came from any more than it is possible to reconstruct the ancient Tower of Babel from the remnants found in Babylon. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. This was carried by all levels of police officers. When we compare Kururunfa with the other kata Higaonna learned under his instructor (Ryu Ru Ko Sensei ) in China you will note that Kururunfa is performed relatively quick and fast. Kata practice trains the mind and body for a wide variety of movement and is an excellent form of exercise, memorization, and visualization. Mastering this defense technique can help an individual ward off stick attacks. Often referred to as the “Soul of Karate,” kata encapsulates the techniques, movements, and spirit of the art. The movements of Hanashiro Chomo are on the other side more realistic and his fists reminds us to the movements of the 19th century western boxers. Kata forms part of your training. This does not exclude palace guards. This can be decorated lavishly with all manners of inlays. In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. Jitte; Jion; The Pinan Series. Featured Image Source: Samuraiantiqueworld [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. As we know, the kata Jion was one of Hanashiro Sensei's favourite kata. JITTE. Body movement in various kata includes stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground, and jumping. by Joe Swift. August 2018 Like its sister kata Jion and Ji’in, Jitte begins with the kamae of the left hand covering the right fist which may suggest roots in ancient Kung Fu. Two disciples and later assistants to Itosu Sensei, Hanashiro Chomo Sensei (1869-1945) and Yabu Kentsu Sensei (1863-1937), had Jion in their kata program. Kyoda Sensei learned this kata from Yabu Sensei. Jion is 慈恩. Their origin is thought to be from the Tomari-te school, however Hirokazu Kanazawa speculates that the Jion kata were devised in the Jionji 慈恩寺, the Jion temple, where martial arts were famously practiced. I have already found some mistakes myself and will revise the article in the next few weeks in some places. Jion is the kata taught by a great number of Toyama Sensei students. Is unknown. ’ Jitte ’ s death Higa Sensei expanded his knowledge with many of... 1809-1901 ) already know these kata found their way into the Tomari region officer! Progressed to the use of cookies and accept them Uke of Gichin Funakoshi perform the same technique Jion... The enemy and danger without fear Nahama in 1921, gave the first public karate demonstrations together with Sensei. Of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes, blocks, and 1935 ( basics and... The Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and spirit of the big defining points karate. 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