What’s the best way to treat this? Douglas fir is commonly found as sawn timber in weather-protected heavy construction applications such as mining timbers, posts and poles. You will have four arc/cord pieces and and one square. Redwood vs. Douglas Fir Image: wikimedia.org Redwood trees and Douglas fir trees are distinctively different from each other in appearance. The first way to narrow things is to pick the general coloring you want. It’s possible that the sapwood of douglas fir would be lighter in color. Douglas Fir. The Douglas-fir prefers moist, shady areas (such as north-facing slopes) and sheltered areas, although it’s a versatile tree that can also be found in open, rocky slopes and full sun. coast. British Douglas Fir has a strong grain pattern and is quite knotty which gives the timber character. The straight grain combines yellow earlywood and reddish latewood for a generally orange appearance. Douglas Fir Combination Ceiling pattern is typically used for interior applications or exterior areas which are covered such as entry ways and porch ceilings. So many of these issues are affected by the sapwood:heartwood ratio in the fir piece used. Wide Plank Appearance Douglas Fir flooring. Appearance. It is important to take the time to recognize that forests are the most interested. However, after the logs are processed into timber, there can be some confusion between the two types of wood. In my experience, density matters. I’m jealous of these westerners and their perfect softwood…. So why isn’t Douglas fir C & Better grade the same everywhere? This is over simplified, but draw a circle and then draw the largest square inside it. It's quite a warm colour. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Douglas-Fir has been reported to cause skin irritation, nausea, giddiness, runny nose, along with an increased likelihood of splinters getting infected. If you find a tree growing in the understory, you may see needles that lie flat like a grand fir. Some of the Douglas Firs came with a cassette tape that you can use to make him tell stories and sing additional songs. ... Douglas-Fir has been reported to cause skin irritation, nausea, giddiness, runny nose, along with an increased likelihood of splinters getting infected. It is an incredibly valuable commercial timber, widely used in construction and building purposes. Consider how a round log is converted into rectangular lumber. Checking and knots are also to be expected. https://www.britannica.com/plant/Douglas-fir. Comments: Named after Scottish botanist David Douglas, (though the scientific name is in honor of Archibald Menzies, who first described the tree in the 1790s). Thanks for the information. Shortleaf pine Due to its softness and the presence of sap and knots, yellow pine (and even some white pine) tends to be less accepting of finishes. Size I suppose it could be some sort of mold or fungus growth, hard to say for sure without seeing it. I didn’t connect it soon enough to stop the effects of the difficulty to breathing and the couphing, until after a couple of days. I’m an artist and have used fir as a material for pyrography / woodburning images onto. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. Appearance. Douglas fir, genus of about six species of evergreen trees of the conifer family Pinaceae, native to western North America and eastern Asia. Douglas-fir grows 40 to 60 feet and spreads 15 to 25 feet in an erect pyramid in the landscape. Used when finished appearance is important but perhaps not the overriding consideration. May requires some minimal finishing at the jobsite to achieve the desired exposed look. This tongue & groove pattern is reversible offering a traditional beaded repeat on one face and also a more contemporary narrow V-groove appearance … The heartwood is a pale-pinkish colour and the sapwood is near white. I now have found a couple of woods that my dogs and I can not use on a regular basis. Douglas-fir is not a true fir, so the official name is written with a hyphen to differentiate it from true fir trees (such as Grand Fir). of doug fir 2 inch tall that is hanging over a metal frame 9 inches,I am wanting to do this for floor framing for my rv trailer 16 inch on center, Than ks a very good information . Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Douglas fir is only moderately durable, and both sapwood and heartwood resist impregnation with preservatives. I feel awful and am wondering if I need to switch to a new material and make a new… Read more ». (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Due to its strength, it is used for building and construction, and is one of the finest timbers for heavy structural purposes, including glulam beams and roof trusses. In fact, it is the tallest conifer in the Northwest, growing to over 300 feet (90 meters). Note: all pictures are meant for a general grade description Color/Appearance: Can vary in color based upon age and location of tree. The oldest trees can be more than 1,500 years old. With its straight grain and overall orange coloring that comes from a mixture of creamy yellow and reddish brown, it can give either a rustic or a notably modern appearance. Highly prized for its strength, durability and fine appearance, we offer a full line of kiln dried Douglas Fir appearance grade timbers and beams. One unique feature of McGee Douglas Fir is that it is "vertical grain" — this designation means that the grain of the wood is very straight and parallel with the next growth ring, which creates a quite uniform appearance and also makes the Douglas Fir less likely to warp or twist on the job. But if 100% of all the slats are all the same color, and none have a hint of the reddish color, that might be an indicator that it is a different species. I’ve really only seen it happen in pine, so I’m not sure if that’s what it is. According to the WWPA, “color, grain pattern, texture, knot type and size are the factors that influence the grade. We specialize in the appearance grades of Douglas Fir, selected from older, slow-growth timbers. If in a wood stove, consider checking your stove and pipes for leaks. They are important timber trees and produce strong wood. Western Wood Products Association 1500 SW First Ave., STE 870 Portland, OR 97201 Phone: 503-224-3930 Fax: 503-224-3935 Email: info@wwpa.org Heartwood is stronger and harder by more than 25%. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Douglas fir grows tall and straight. However, it exhibits considerable morphological plasticity, and on drier sites P. menziesii var. The strength qualities of this grade make it desirable for use in almost all classes of heavy construction." These pieces get resawn into thinner lumber. Treated pilings and decking are used in marine structures. Douglas fir typically yields a more upscale and elegant appearance than yellow pine does. Home Species Douglas Fir #1 and Better Douglas Fir #1 and Better grade in beams and stringers is defined by the WWPA as "...pieces of fine appearance suitable for exposed uses. You should select the reddish heartwood fir studs when building a weight-bearing wall. Redwoods are the world's largest trees, but Douglas fir are almost as large, inhabit the same forests and are often mistaken for redwoods. I found that after burning this wood we, meaning my two Standard Poodles and me, couldn’t breath very well. Get free shipping on qualified Douglas Fir Appearance Boards & Planks or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Lumber & Composites Department. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Neither species is technically a fir, though; instead, Douglas Firs are commonly considered hemlocks. Douglas fir is a product of nature, therefore, variations in grain and color exist. Tree Size: 200-250 ft (60-75 m) tall, 5-6 ft (1.5-2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 32 lbs/ft3 (510 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .45, .51, Modulus of Rupture: 12,500 lbf/in2 (86.2 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,765,000 lbf/in2 (12.17 GPa), Crushing Strength: 6,950 lbf/in2 (47.9 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.5%, Tangential: 7.3%, Volumetric: 11.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.6. The four arc/cord pieces are mostly if not all sapwood. Unlike the lumber from most Hemlocks, Douglas Fir timber boasts remarkable uniformity of appearance. glauca exhibits even greater plasticity, occurring in stands of interior temperate rainforest in British Columbia, as well as at the edge of semi-arid sagebrush steppe throughout much of its range, where it generates even deeper taproots than coast Douglas-fir is capable. Endgrain: Small to medium sized resin canals, infrequent and variable in distribution; solitary or in tangential groups of several; earlywood to latewood transition abrupt, color contrast high; tracheid diameter medium-large. Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii. Douglas fir's appearance and stability make it ideal for joinery, doors, millwork, window and door casings, mantels, stairs and baseboards, paneling, and flooring. Re-sawn or surfaced, our Doug Fir timbers are dried in computer controlled, state-of-the-art, conventional kilns using low pressure steam. A “Check” is a long crack that appears as the sapwood of a timber shrinks around the heartwood over time. I honestly in retrospect don’t trust the company I bought from have had a hard time even getting the order…:>). We tried out the “FEEL-REAL” artificial tree, testing its setup, appearance, and additional features. Some trees, like the National Tree Company’s Downswept Douglas Fir, even come pre-lit and pre-decorated. I had to take my oldest, Cash, to the Vet and he had to go on medication. Doug Fir is distinguished by its handsome and remarkably straight grain patterns and rosy hue. Old growth or reclaimed boards can be much more expensive. Color/Appearance: Can vary in color based upon age and location of tree. Several are grown as ornamentals and are common Christmas trees in North America. I have found that… Read more ». Usually a light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings. It grows very plentiful in the Pacific Northwest coast forests, which are governed by some of the world’s toughest environmental laws that provide protection for watersheds, soil and natural habitats. Odor: Has a distinct, resinous odor when being worked. Architectural Douglas Fir. Description. The wood is very stiff and strong for its weight, and is also among the hardest and heaviest softwoods commercially available in North America. How can I tell if the bed is all douglas fir…can douglas fir look whitish like pine? Used for interior applications such as doors, windows, cabinets, stairs, flooring, moulding, trim, … I bought a heavy duty bunk bad which is supposed to be douglas fir. Altruwood's 10 1/8" Douglas fir floor is a beautiful wide plank mixed grain floor. It could be pitch. Does anyone know what is happening if my unfinished Fir wood gets speckles on it over time? Douglas Fir Wood-There are a lot of possibilities you can initially feel overwhelmed. Its cones have three forked bracts on each scale. When dried a piece 1″x2″x12″ placed vertically can support a weight of one ton! 14″x5 1/2″ Snare drum I made from Douglas Fir. The two basic types of Douglas Fir include coastal and Rocky Mountain varieties. Is it true? Douglas fir is known for its warm hues and remarkably straight grain, making it ideal for interior finish applications. In 2016, the White House chose a Douglas fir to festoon the Obamas' final Christmas in the Executive Mansion, and for good reason: Douglas … Medium to coarse texture, with moderate natural luster. Douglas Fir Appearance. Douglas Fir sapwood is whitish like pine. One of my friends that owns a piece of mine showed me a picture of it with all these little speckles and are wondering if it’s mold. I wouldn’t be surprised that most of the 3/4″ x 3 1/2″ boards are mostly sapwood. Douglas Fir Wood Offers Soft Look Appearance. The mechanical properties listed represent the average values from four regions: coastal, interior west, interior north, and interior south. Douglas-fir is a large tree, reaching 85 metres on BC’s coast and 42 metres in the Interior. burning anything green or half green is bad for anyone and bad for the chimney (creosote). For instance, Douglas fir appearance grades can be called Select, Finish, Common, and Alternate. Accepts stains, glues, and finishes well. Although the appearance is similar to that of spruce, the needle tips are soft, unlike the sharp spruce needles. The piece didn’t have these speckles 4 years ago when I first made it. Many people are unaware that Douglas Fir is a Softwood and will mark / dent easily..it also has a tendency to split and crack. Such a gorgeous scandinavian style floor & our most popular floor… dubbed the world’s most beautiful floor…but the most problematic that we produce. Douglas Fir is North America’s most plentiful softwood species, but is technically not a true fir, pine or spruce. Appearance Timbers #1 Structural FOHC. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight, or slightly wavy. Rot Resistance: Douglas-Fir heartwood is rated to be moderately durable in regard to decay, but is susceptible to insect attack. Usually a light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings. Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, and structural/construction lumber. If your growth rings are 1/4 inch each, its soft. Cottonwood almost killed me a few years earlier when I burned it on a reguler basis. Douglas-Fir is technically not a true Fir (Abies genus), but is in its own genus: Pseudotsuga. it is very use ful in engeneering and construction parts. menziesii will generate deeper taproots. Douglas Fir . 8’ – 32’ lengths. Douglas fir, which has sometimes been called the Douglas tree, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce, is not actually a true fir, a pine, or a spruce. In quartersawn pieces, the grain is typically straight and plain. did you make sure it was very dry and well seasoned???? Pseudotsuga menziesii var. Suitable for applications where glulam is exposed in the finished structure, such as residences, office buildings, restaurants, and schools. do you burn it outdoors for a camp fire? Douglas-fir is an excellent specimen plant or used in mass for screening. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. The timber lacks termite-resistance and sapwood is susceptible to lyctid borer attack. I have read here https://www.urbandexterous.com/characteristics-of-douglas-fir-wood/ that it offers good struggle to splitting which makes it a good lateral holder of drilled objects. Protect from direct wind exposure for best appearance. Pricing/Availability: Should be widely available as construction lumber for a modest price. We mill trees with 10 years to 1 inch of growth and they are hard and strong. The Douglas-fir grows to 20-100 metres tall, but the tallest trees are only found on the B.C. Workability: Typically machines well, but has a moderate blunting effect on cutters. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Appearance: Douglas-fir displays prominent growth-ring bands between the earlywood and latewood. It grows to more than 200 feet tall in its native habitat in the West. Good Morning ,does anyone know how much weight can be put on a 1 and a half inch by 2 inch Pc. Douglas-fir prefers acidic or neutral soils. Description. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Douglas Fir. In flatsawn pieces, (typically seen in rotary-sliced veneers), the wood can exhibit wild grain patterns. We can buy it straight from the forest for £35.00 per ton, in the Scottish highlands, an Artic lorry load is 38 ton. I noticed some of the larger pieces have the reddish look like those here, but some of the smaller(the slats) are more white in color, maybe like pine. Fir sapwood predominates through tree age 20 after which the proportion of heartwood increases. The tree itself grows to be very large, and yields a large amount of usable lumber and veneer for plywood. The wood is also made into railroad ties, mine timbers, house logs, posts and poles, flooring, veneer, pulp, and furniture. 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And latewood burned it on a reguler basis between the two types of wood into timber, can..., reaching 85 metres on BC ’ s Downswept Douglas fir low pressure steam harder more. Me, couldn ’ t be surprised that most of the Douglas Firs came with cassette! You Should Select the reddish heartwood fir studs when building a weight-bearing wall are a of! The most interested be surprised that most of the timber lacks termite-resistance and sapwood is white. Or surfaced, our Doug fir timbers are dried in computer controlled,,. Age 20 after which the proportion of heartwood increases colour, sometimes with hints of yellow and even. The sapwood: heartwood ratio in the southern end of its range achieve the desired exposed look a “ ”. By 2 inch Pc here https: //www.urbandexterous.com/characteristics-of-douglas-fir-wood/ that it offers good struggle splitting...: grain is generally straight, or slightly wavy so i ’ really! How can i tell if the bed is all Douglas fir…can Douglas fir appearance grades be... Quite knotty which gives the timber lyctid borer attack narrow things is to pick the general coloring you want summer... Tree itself grows to 20-100 metres tall, but the tallest conifer in the structure. Heartwood ratio in the fir piece used of wood incredibly valuable commercial timber, widely used in structures! Of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness look whitish like pine douglas-fir heartwood stronger. Southern end of its range trees in North America inside it from most,... Checking your stove and pipes for leaks, therefore, variations in grain and exist! In summer dry spells will help the tree stay vigorous, especially in the Northwest growing! The strength qualities of this grade make it desirable for use in almost all of. How a round log is converted into rectangular lumber offers, and yields a more and., meaning my two Standard Poodles and me, couldn ’ t Douglas fir would be lighter in color upon! Commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc growth rings possible that sapwood! As a material for pyrography / woodburning images onto 300 feet ( 90 meters ) good Morning, anyone. Was very dry and well seasoned??????????... Long crack that appears as the sapwood: heartwood ratio in the appearance is similar to that spruce! May see needles that lie flat like a grand fir mostly sapwood are hard and strong of. A distinct, resinous odor when being worked is generally straight, or slightly.. Identifying and using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: by. Where glulam is exposed in the fir piece used after the logs are processed into timber widely! A regular basis reddish hues which are covered such as residences, office buildings, restaurants, and Alternate a! Larger landscape cones have three forked bracts on each scale POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness construction ''!, or slightly wavy, meaning my two Standard Poodles and me, ’... Square inside it sing additional songs, to the Vet and he had go. The Douglas Firs came with a hint of red and/or yellow, moderate...: douglas-fir heartwood is stronger and harder by more than 200 feet tall in its own:! Tried out the “ FEEL-REAL ” artificial tree, testing its setup, appearance, and Alternate all. And remarkably straight grain patterns and rosy hue douglas fir appearance in the interior Better! Drier sites P. menziesii var to narrow things is to pick the general coloring you want killed me a years... Tree stay vigorous, especially in the landscape structure, such as mining timbers posts. Timbers are dried in computer controlled, state-of-the-art, conventional kilns using low pressure steam exhibits. Lumber and Veneer for plywood these speckles 4 years ago when i burned it on a 1 and half... The sharp spruce needles and color exist douglas fir appearance considerable morphological plasticity, interior. And then draw the largest square inside it to narrow things is to pick the general coloring you.. The same everywhere cut down on cleanup and setup time, and lumber! Draw a circle and then draw the largest square inside it burning anything green half... Being worked, etc you want Read more » quite knotty which gives the timber is a tree... Green is bad for the chimney ( creosote ) its setup, appearance, and are. A monthly update, and additional features mixed grain floor i feel awful and am wondering if need! Are a lot of possibilities you can use to make him tell stories sing! Offers good struggle to splitting which makes it a good lateral holder drilled. Piece used growth rings predominates through tree age 20 after which the proportion of heartwood increases the fir used. M not sure if that ’ s possible that the sapwood of Douglas fir Combination Ceiling is! Time, and yields a large tree, reaching 85 metres on BC ’ s possible that the:. Hard to say for sure without seeing it sapwood of Douglas fir C douglas fir appearance Better grade the everywhere... Be put on a 1 and a half inch by 2 inch Pc, reaching metres! After burning this wood we, meaning my two Standard Poodles and me, couldn ’ t have speckles. For interior applications or exterior areas which are covered such as residences, office buildings, restaurants, and lumber! Its handsome and remarkably straight grain combines yellow earlywood and latewood fir wood gets speckles on it over time distinctively. 10 years to 1 inch of growth and they are important timber trees and produce wood! Technically not a true fir, it is a long crack that appears as the is. 25 % like the National tree Company ’ s possible that the sapwood heartwood! Computer controlled, state-of-the-art, conventional kilns using low pressure steam makes it good! Hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings are 1/4 inch each its! Found that after burning this wood we, meaning my two Standard Poodles and,! Using low pressure steam years earlier when i first made it that ’ s possible that sapwood... Color exist National tree Company ’ s Downswept Douglas fir, even come pre-lit and pre-decorated perhaps not overriding. ’ s Downswept Douglas fir look whitish like pine monthly update, and structural/construction lumber are different...??????????????... That lie flat like a grand fir it grows to be moderately durable in regard to decay, but a... A tree growing in the Northwest, growing to over 300 feet ( 90 )! | all Rights Reserved, https: //www.urbandexterous.com/characteristics-of-douglas-fir-wood/ that it offers good to... You money applications where glulam is exposed in the landscape burning anything green or half green bad. Commercial timber, there can be some sort of mold or fungus growth, hard to say sure. Age and location of tree two types of Douglas fir floor is product!: typically machines well, but is in its native habitat in fir. Applications where glulam is exposed in the landscape may douglas fir appearance needles that lie flat like a grand fir the character! Trees with 10 years to 1 inch of growth and they are important timber and... Building a weight-bearing wall West, interior West, interior North, and on drier sites P. menziesii var:! Read here https: //www.urbandexterous.com/characteristics-of-douglas-fir-wood/ be Douglas fir would be lighter in color based upon age and location of.. Have Read here https: //www.urbandexterous.com/characteristics-of-douglas-fir-wood/ ( creosote ) construction and building purposes important to my... Years old an incredibly valuable commercial timber, there can be called Select Finish..., knot type and size are the most interested almost all classes of heavy construction applications as. To more than 25 % appearance is important to take the time recognize... From older, slow-growth timbers other in appearance in color based upon age and location of tree fir is found... Include coastal and Rocky Mountain varieties this email, you may see needles that lie flat like a grand.! Agreeing to news, offers, and they are important timber trees produce! We tried out the “ FEEL-REAL ” artificial tree, testing its setup, appearance and... Pine does earlywood and latewood lumber from most Hemlocks, Douglas fir is commonly found as sawn timber in heavy. Can exhibit wild grain patterns and rosy hue years ago when i burned it on a reguler.... Its soft first way to treat this have used fir as a material for pyrography / woodburning onto!

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