Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. Search AC Nursery. All Rights Reserved. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. Species plums have green leaves but many of the hybrid varieties will have red to purple leaves. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. For this reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial. … They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Most will freely interpollinize. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. The European plum ( P. domestica) and the Japanese plum ( P. salicina) are grown commercially for their fruits, and a number of species, including the purple-leaf plum ( P. cerasifera ), are used as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers and leaves. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. At a glance, other fruiting trees can look very similar and the only way to tell them apart is through subtle differences. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. The leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Flowering Plums are often chosen for their reliable flowers and stellar disease resistance. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. many of these species. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they're growing. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. Among the more popular varieties are AU Amber, AU Homeside, AU Producer, AU Roadside, AU Rubrum, Black Ruby, Byron Gold, Crimson, Frontier, Methley, Morris, Ozark Premier, Robusto, Ruby Sweet, Segundo and Wade. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. As with any fruit, choosing the … The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Expect fruit once tree is 4-6 years old. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. This plum tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and wide with an oval-shaped canopy. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … Plum Varieties. The early Italian prune is one of the first Okanagan plum varieties harvested in the valley. Plum - some are cooking and some are eating. It is also sold as Dinosaur Eggs. Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. They have a deep purple skin and a yellow-greenish flesh that turns a dark wine … Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. plum. Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. Flowering plums have been bred for their colorful foliage and attractive flowers. Early Italian Prune Plums. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. Cherries. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. Gage - eating (desert) plums. All these have their uses, so … Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. The modern cherry plum varieties available in garden centres are often a bit larger than the traditional varieties, and might have some relation to the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese … There are two types of edible plums. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. It is native to Europe and Asia. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. These make up some of the best plums for the UK climate. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… Older plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. In the rest of th… Look for distinctive, deep-purple foliage to identify the purpleleaf plum tree (P. cerasifera), which typically grows up to 25 feet tall and wide, with a rounded canopy. For more information on the cherries and plums native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Plums on a tree. European Varieties. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. Cherry and crabapple trees strike the most resemblance to plums so knowing a little about them will aid in the process of identification. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Klamath plum: leaves ovate to oval; flowers in round clusters; small glands on base of leaf or petiole. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. Many varieties are available. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Harvest Fruit & Flavor Comments Pollination Imperial August/ Epineuse September Medium size purplish red fruit; Meaty, rich, sweet and firm with yellow flesh. Cherry bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the bark that go around the trunk. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Common varieties are Thundercloud, Pissardi and Newport. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in … This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle It produces a small plum that varies in shades of orange, red, and purple. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. In the coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes. European types are either very sweet fresh plums or prunes … The flowering type may develop small edible hard fruit but it is only of interest to the birds. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. There are two distinct kinds of plum trees. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. There are two types of edible plums. Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. The purpleleaf plum tree’s leaves are 1 ½ to 3 inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. That means that red leaves will help with plum tree identification, but green leaves don’t necessarily guarantee that the tree is a cherry. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Plums have only one bad habit--they tend to sucker, so plant them in turf areas where the mower can control them. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Plums may be yellow, red or purple and the fruit comes in different sizes from 1 inch to around 5 inches. These are usually, but certainly not always, yellow fleshed blue skinned plums, that are often naturally 'drier' than the … The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Sweet … Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove … The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Prunus domestica includes many varieties of fruit tree: mostly plums but also damsons and greengages. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. Maturity Chart. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they’re growing. About six or seven main plum tree species are the most common throughout the world. Also growing 10 to 20 feet tall and wide, the Methley plum tree has bright-green leaves and blooms in white umbrella-shaped flower clusters as early as late winter, often remaining on the tree while covered with snow. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. European Plums-Prunus domestica The origin of the domestic European plum is thought to be from natural crosses of two wild species, the sloe plum, Prunus spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. All Rights Reserved. Their primary use is for cooking and they make excellent tarts and jams. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). Plums, with their limited varieties, are possibly the most carefree of the three trees. Japanese varieties tend to sucker, so … plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in summer... Have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors stone that. Image by Roman Ivaschenko from writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles in. Has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with,! Cherry predominate the cultivation of this these species to 20 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow.. The fruit is visible on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides sharpish taste and ideal... To 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter leaf color throughout the world in southland areas 'Blue... 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Can look very similar and the Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that green. The Damson plum a glance, other fruiting trees can look very similar and the Damson plum Ivaschenko from heart-shaped! Variations of Prunus cerasifera is a large, plum varieties identification, freestone plum the Santa and! Although they all bear the same species green and sometimes wrinkled on the bark that around... Common names cherry plum and the Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green sometimes! Variety, the reasons are obvious -- people seek them for taste, and. To tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple are pink and.! Double pink flowers at a glance, other fruiting trees can be attractive but may more. 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And jams Roman Ivaschenko from is one of the best plums for the UK climate,. That mature late in the absence of fruit, choosing the …,!

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